Nutan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nutan
Nutan c. 1963
Born
Nutan Samarth

(1936-06-04)4 June 1936
Died21 February 1991(1991-02-21) (aged 54)
NationalityIndian
Years active1950–1991
Notable workHum Log (1951)
Seema (1955)
Anari (1959)
Sujata (1959)
Chhalia (1960)
Bandini (1963)
Milan (1967)
Saraswatichandra (1968)
Anuraag (1972)
Saudagar (1973)
Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978)
Spouse
Rajnish Bahl
(m. 1959)
ChildrenMohnish Bahl
Parents
RelativesMukherjee-Samarth family
HonoursPadma Shri (1974)

Nutan Samarth Bahl (4 June 1936 – 21 February 1991), known mononymously as Nutan, was an Indian actress who worked in Hindi films. In a career spanning nearly four decades, she appeared in more than 80 films, that ranged in genre from urban romances to socio-realist dramas. Regarded as one of the finest actors in the history of Indian cinema, Nutan was noted for her naturalistic acting style in parts of conflicted women often deemed unconventional.[1][2] Her accolades include a record five Filmfare Awards for Best Actress. In 1974, Nutan received the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award.[3][4]

Born in Bombay to filmmaker Kumarsen Samarth and film actress Shobhna Samarth, Nutan started her career at the age of 14 in the 1950 film Hamari Beti, directed by her mother. She subsequently starred in the films Nagina and Hum Log (both 1951). Her role in Seema (1955) garnered her wider recognition and her first Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She continued playing leading roles through the 1960s until the late 1970s and went onto win the award on four other occasions for her roles in Sujata (1959), Bandini (1963), Milan (1967) and Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978). Some of her other films of this period include Anari (1959), Chhalia (1960), Tere Ghar Ke Saamne (1963), Khandan (1965), Saraswatichandra (1968), Anuraag (1972) and Saudagar (1973).

In the 1980s, Nutan started playing character roles and continued working until shortly before her death. She portrayed mostly motherly roles in such films as Saajan Ki Saheli (1981), Meri Jung (1985) and Naam (1986). Her performance in Meri Jung earned her a sixth and final Filmfare Award, in the Best Supporting Actress category. Nutan was married to naval Lieutenant-Commander Rajnish Bahl from 1959 until her death from breast cancer in 1991. Their only child, son Mohnish Bahl is an actor.[5]

Early life[edit]

Nutan Samarth was born on 4 June 1936 in Bombay into a Marathi Hindu Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu family as the eldest of four children to director-poet Kumarsen Samarth[6][7] and his actress wife and filmmaker Shobhna.[8] Kumarsen was one of the early developers of the Films Division of India.[9] Her maternal grandmother Rattan Bai and her aunt Nalini Jaywant were also actors.[10] She grew up with complexes as she was considered too skinny in her childhood.[7][11] She had two sisters: actress Tanuja and Chatura and a brother Jaideep.[12] Her parents separated before Jaideep's birth. Actresses Kajol and Tanishaa Mukerji are Nutan's niece. Her niece Kajol later shared her record for most Filmfare Best Actress wins.[13][14]

As a child, Nutan went to Villa Theresa School and was later educated at the Baldwin Girls' High School in Bangalore.[6][15] While she was attracted to the performing arts since childhood and liked singing and dancing, she liked arithmetic and geography at school. She took lessons in classical music for four years under Jagannath Prasad.[6] In 1953, when her film career had already started, she headed to Switzerland for further studies at La Chatelaine, a finishing school.[16][17] She was sent there at the behest of her mother following Nutan's intensive work in films and major weight loss. She described the one year spent there as the happiest in her life and returned home a year later having gained 22 pounds.[16][18]

Career[edit]

Nutan in Filmfare Magazine (1957)

Nutan first appeared briefly in front of the camera as a child in her father's film Nal Damyanti in 1945.[6][7] She started her career at age 14 by playing the protagonist in Hamari Beti (1950), directed by her mother.[6] She was conflicted during the making of the film, unsure she could pull it off given how critical she was of her appearance and talents. She took part in Snehal Bhatkar's soundtrack for the film, singing the song "Tujhe Kaisa Dulha Bhaaye Re".[19] The film released to considerable attention for Nutan's work. The Motion Picture Magazine gave a scathing review of the film but took note of Nutan's "fine performance", which showed "great promise".[20] She recalled an instance where her relatives changed their mind about her after watching the film: "The relatives who called me ugly changed their opinions overnight. They said they were proud of me."[21]

Ravindra Dave's suspense thriller Nagina (1951) followed, and Nutan's performance in the film gained her greater recognition.[6] The film became her first commercial success.[7] Aged 15 at the time of its release, she was not allowed to attend its premiere as it was certified "A: (restricted for adults) and she was underage.[16] The social drama Hum Log, released the same year, was similarly popular with audiences.[22] Directed by Zia Sarhadi, the film dealt with the trials and tribulations of a middle-class family and starred Nutan as the daughter Paro, an aspiring writer who suffers from tuberculosis.[23] Nagina and Hum Log consolidated her position as a rising star.[6][24]

The following year, she participated at the 1952 Femina Miss India contest, where she was crowned Miss Mussoorie, before being sent to Switzerland for further studies due to her weight loss and frail appearance.[24][17][25]

Her first big break was Seema (1955), for which she won her first Filmfare Award for Best Actress.[26][27] She followed her success with a romantic comedy, Paying Guest, in which she co-starred with Dev Anand. By late 1950's she was an established star.[28] In 1959, she starred in two hit films, Anari (with Raj Kapoor) and Bimal Roy's Sujata (with Sunil Dutt), for which she won her second Filmfare Award for Best Actress.[29] In the 1960s and 1970s, she had many more successful films including Chhalia (1960), Saraswatichandra (1968), Devi (1970) and Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978).[30][31]

In 1960, she starred opposite Raj Kapoor once again in Manmohan Desai's Chhalia,[32] which earned her a Filmfare nomination for Best Actress. In a film review at the time, Filmfare wrote: "As the unfortunate girl disowned by her relatives for no fault of hers, Nutan puts over a superb and memorable portrayal."[33][34]

She formed a popular screen couple with co-star Dev Anand and the two acted in four films together – Paying Guest (1957), Baarish (1957), Manzil (1960) and Tere Ghar Ke Samne (1963).[35][36]

"Nutan’s masterful performance of a jilted young woman who murders her lover’s wife in Bimal Roy’s classic is arguably the best acting by a lead actress in Indian cinema. Nutan’s genius lay in portraying a whole range of emotions without resorting to over-the-top histrionics. The pièce de résistance is the scene in which her face conveys conflicting sentiments as she is about to commit the murder."

Forbes India on Nutan's performance in Bandini (1963)[37]

Bimal Roy's socio-realist Bandini (1963) is based on Tamasi, a Bengali novel by Jarasandha, and stars Nutan as Kalyani, a young prisoner convicted for poisoning the wife of her lover (Ashok Kumar).[38][39] The story follows her life in prison and how she is later faced with a choice between her past love and a young prison doctor (Dharmendra) who falls in love with her.[40] Having quit acting after marriage, Nutan was persuaded to accept the part by Roy, who asserted that he would abandon the project if she refused.[41] She was pregnant during the making of the film.[42][40]

Bandini was a major critical success, and Nutan received career-best reviews for her portrayal, which is often cited as one of the finest performances of Indian cinema.[43][44] The film won six awards at the 11th Filmfare Awards, including Best Film and a third Best Actress for Nutan.[45] The Bengal Film Journalists' Association ranked Bandini as the third-best Indian film of the year and acknowledged Nutan with the Best Actress award in its Hindi section.[46] Author and critic Dinesh Raheja wrote: "Sans screaming hysteria-niks, Nutan puts across one of the finest performances seen on Hindi screen. She recognised and was perfectly in tandem with Kalyani's innate strength of character."[47] In 2010, Filmfare included her performance in its "80 Iconic Performances" list.[48] Anupama Chopra included the film in her list of "The 20 Best Hindi Films Ever Made", calling Kalyani "one of Hindi cinema's most complex and fully realized female characters", which was "the role of a lifetime" for Nutan, whose "face raged with a grand passion and a quiet grace".[49] In 2013, Forbes India listed Nutan's performance as one of the "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema", hailing her work as "the best acting by a lead actress in Indian cinema".[37]

Her fourth Filmfare win came for Milan (1967). She starred opposite Amitabh Bachchan in 1973's Saudagar (1973), for which she received a sixth Filmfare nomination and a third BFJA award. In 1978, she made an astonishing return to the screen as the righteous Sanjukta Chauhan in Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978).[50] For this performance, she received an eighth Filmfare nomination and won her fifth Filmfare Award for Best Actress, at the age of 42. She thus became a record holder in the category, having won five awards for Best Actress at Filmfare. At age 42, she is also the oldest winner of the award. Nutan was perhaps the only actress of her generation to command leading roles in her 40s, with tremendous success. Following this, she starred in Saajan Ki Saheli (1981), as an ignorant, jealous wife to a husband who knowingly befriends the daughter she abandoned at childbirth.[51]

In the 1980s, she played roles in blockbuster films such as Meri Jung (1985), Naam (1986) and Karma (1986).[52] Karma was notable for being the first time she was paired with actor Dilip Kumar.[53] For Meri Jung, she won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. Her last film released while she was alive was Kanoon Apna Apna in 1989. She died in 1991 of cancer.[54] Two of her films Naseebwala (1992) and Insaniyat (1994) were released after her death. She also gave a stellar performance as Kaliganj Ki Bahu in the TV serial Mujrim Hazir, her only role on the small screen.[55][56] Nutan also sang two songs, one in Paying Guest and the other in Chhabili.[57][58]

Personal life[edit]

Nutan married Indian Navy's Lieutenant-Commander Rajnish Bahl on 11 October 1959.[59] Their only son Mohnish, was born on 14 August 1961. He went on to become a television and film actor. Her son is married to actress Ekta Sohini.[60] His daughter (Nutan's granddaughter) Pranutan Bahl is also a film actress. Nutan was fond of hunting.[61] Her husband died from a fire accident in his apartment in 2004.[62][63]

Reception and legacy[edit]

Portrait of Nutan in the film Baarish (1956)
Nutan in Anari, 1959

Nutan is regarded as one of the greatest actors of Indian cinema.[64] She was noted for her willingness to play unconventional roles and several of her roles were labelled "path-breaking". M.L. Dhawan of The Tribune noted, "Nutan's fine-tuned her dialogue delivery with an evocative voice. A natural throw was the hallmark of Nutan's dialogue delivery. She was low key and mellow as she was peppery and sarcastic and yet made a strong impact. She either played the main part or at least shared equal footing with the male counterpart."[65][66] According to Encyclopædia Britannica, Nutan had "developed a natural acting style under Bimal Roy's direction."[67] Arushi Jain of The Indian Express stated, "The actor left an indelible mark on the minds of those who had the fortune of watching her on the silver screen." Shantanu Ray Chaudhuri of The Telegraph noted, "Nutan essayed a range of roles that measured up both critically and as a star."[68][69]

Filmfare termed her face "camera-friendly" and said, "Apart from a lissome figure Nutan was gifted with one of the most camera-friendly faces in the industry. One could film her from any angle and it came out perfect."[70] Actresses such as Sadhana and Smita Patil noted Nutan as their influence.[71] Sadhana was once quoted as saying: "If there was any actress I modeled myself in the lines of it was the versatile Nutan in Seema, Sujata and Bandini. Parakh was a film where I really followed Nutan."[72] Filmmaker Sanjay Leela Bhansali said, "They don't make actresses like her anymore."[73] Singer Lata Mangeshkar said that Nutan was an actress who did justice to her voice on screen.[74] In 2011, Rediff.com listed her as the third-greatest actress of all-time after Nargis and Smita Patil.[75] Nutan's performance in Bandini was list in "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema" by Forbes.[37] Filmfare's "80 Iconic Performances" list placed her 49th for the same film.[48] In 2012, Nutan was placed 10th by NDTV in its "The Most Popular Actress of All Time" list.[76] In 2022, she was placed in Outlook India's 75 Best Bollywood Actresses list.[77] Times of India's placed her in their "50 Beautiful Faces" list.[78]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1950 Hamari Beti Beti [79]
1951 Nagina Mukta
Hum Log Paro
1952 Shisham
Parbat Parbat
1953 Laila Majnu Laila
Aaghosh Meera
Malkin
1954 Shabaab
1955 Seema Gauri Won - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [80]
1956 Heer Heer
1957 Baarish Chanda
Paying Guest Shanti [81]
Zindagi Ya Toofan
1958 Chandan
Dilli Ka Thug Asha
Kabhi Andhera Kabhi Ujala
Sone Ki Chidiya Laxmi
Aakhri Daao
Light House
1959 Anari Aarti Sohanlal [82]
Kanhaiya Shanno
Sujata Sujata Won - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [83]
1960 Basant Meenakshi Rai
Chhabili
Chhalia Shanti Nominated - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [32]
Manzil Pushpa
1962 Soorat Aur Seerat
1963 Bandini Kalyani Won - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [84]
Dil Hi To Hai Jameela [85]
Tere Ghar Ke Samne Sulekha
1964 Chandi Ki Deewar
1965 Khandan Radha
Rishte Naate Savitri
1966 Chhota Bhai Annapoorna
Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya Ashoo / Shabnam
1967 Dulhan Ek Raat Ki Nirmala
Laat Saheb Nikki
Milan Radha Won - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [86]
Mehrban Laxmi
Mera Munna Seema
1968 Gauri Gauri [87]
Saraswatichandra Kumud Sundari [88]
1969 Bhai Bahen Mala
1970 Maa Aur Mamta Maya
Devi Devi
Maharaja Kamla
Yaadgaar Bhavna
1971 Lagan Shanti
1972 Anuraag Anu Rai Nominated - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress [89]
Grahan
Mangetar
1973 Saudagar Mahjubi Nominated - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [90]
1975 Jogidas Khuman
1976 Zid [91]
1977 Mandir Masjid
Jagriti
Duniyadari Sushila
Paradh Vidya Marathi film
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete Joyce Fernandes
Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki Sanjukta Chouhan Won - Filmfare Award for Best Actress [38]
Saajan Bina Suhagan Asha Chopra
Hamara Sansar Geeta
1980 Kasturi Prameela [92]
Sanjh Ki Bela
1981 Saajan Ki Saheli Kunti Kumar
1982 Teri Maang Sitaron Se Bhar Doon Kamini 'Lalli'
Jeeo Aur Jeene Do Dr. Sita
1983 Rishta Kagaz Ka Suman [93]
1985 Yudh Savitri Devi
Paisa Yeh Paisa Laxmi
Meri Jung Mrs. Aarti Verma Won - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress [94]
Yeh Kaisa Farz
Pyari Bhabhi
1986 Sajna Saath Nibhana Shobha Rana
Karma Mrs. Vishwanath Pratap Singh [95]
Naam Janki Kapoor [96]
Ricky Seeta
1987 Hifazat Laxmi
1988 Sone Pe Suhaaga Usha [97]
1989 Mujrim Yashoda Bose
Kanoon Apna Apna Laxmi Singh [98]
Guru Yashoda Shrivastav [99]
1990 Aulaad Ki Khatir
1991 Garajna Unreleased
1992 Naseebwala Sharda
Deewana Aashiq Seema
1994 Insaniyat Shanti Devi [100]

Death and tributes[edit]

Nutan was diagnosed and treated for breast cancer in 1990.[101] In February 1991, she was admitted to Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai after she fell ill. At that time, she was filming Garajna and Insaniyat. She died at 12:07 p.m. (IST) on 21 February 1991.[102][103]

Nutan on a 2011 stamp of India

Nutan's narrative is depicted in the book Nutan – Asen Mi Nasen Mi (meaning 'whether I will exist or not') written by famous Marathi author Lalita Tamhane.[104][105] Her biography was launched by actress Madhuri Dixit in 2016.[106] Singer Lata Mangeshkar said, "If one has to rank the actresses by their acting prowess, the name of Nutan will be at the top."[107] Actress Sonam Kapoor recreated the famous Nutan pose from Saraswatichandra and termed the actress her "favourite".[108] Actress Tara Sutaria termed Nutan "fascinating" and said that her generation misses out on Nutan's "adaa and nazaaqat".[109] In February 2011, a postage stamp, bearing Nutan's photo, was released to honour her by the Government of India.[110] On Nutan's 81st birthday in 2017, Google commemorated her with a Doodle.[111][112] Lalit Kumar noted that the actress performed "every role with a certain moral superiority and grace".[113] The Bimal Roy Film and Memorial Society organised a three-day retrospective to mark the 83rd birth anniversary of Nutan in 2019.[114]

Accolades[edit]

Civilian Award[edit]

Year Award Work Result Ref.
1974 Padma Shri Contribution in the field of Arts Honoured [115]

Filmfare Awards[edit]

Filmfare Award for Best Actress

Year Film Result Ref.
1957 Seema Won [116]
1960 Sujata Won
1961 Chhalia Nominated [117]
1964 Bandini Won [118]
1968 Milan Won
1974 Saudagar Nominated [119]
1979 Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki Won [120]

Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress

Year Film Result Ref.
1974 Anuraag Nominated [119]
Saudagar Nominated
1979 Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki Nominated [121]
1986 Meri Jung Won [122]

Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards[edit]

BFJA Award for Best Actress (Hindi)

Year Film Result Ref.
1964 Bandini Won [46]
1968 Milan Won [123]
1974 Saudagar Won [124]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1999, p. 166.
  2. ^ Dhawan, M.L. (26 February 2006). "To the manner born". The Sunday Tribune. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  3. ^ Chopra 2021, p. 145.
  4. ^ "Forever Nutan". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  5. ^ Nutan Archived 21 July 2023 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema, by Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (Encyclopædia Britannica (India)). Popular Prakashan, 2003. ISBN 8179910660. P. 80, P. 599.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Booch & Doyle 1962, p. 122.
  7. ^ a b c d Dawar 2006, p. 87.
  8. ^ "Rediff On The NeT, Movies: Down memory lane with Shobhana Samarth". Archived from the original on 28 April 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2023.
  9. ^ Gupte, Pranay (2010). "Alone and forgotten". The Hindu. No. 29 December 2010, updated 17 October 2016. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2018. In the event, Shobhana married Kumarsen Samarth — one of the early developers of the Films Division of India — who hailed from the same CKP community.
  10. ^ "Kajol's Feminist Role Models: Grandmother Shobhna Samarth, Great-Grandmother Rattan Bai". NDTV India. 14 March 2018. Archived from the original on 8 October 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  11. ^ Renu Saran (2014). Encyclopedia of Bollywood–Film Actresses. Diamond Books. p. 76. Nutan. She grew with complexes, she was termed skinny and ugly, yet her eyes told tales from the depth of the heart and she gave us more than three decades of her life. Daughter of an established actress Shobana Samarth, Nutan was born on June 4, 1936 in Mumbai..."
  12. ^ "Shobhna Samarth produced daughter Tanuja's debut film". The Times of India. 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 18 September 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  13. ^ Ramnath, Nandini (4 May 2013). "Kajol". Mint. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Tanishaa Mukerji reveals how her 'amazing' family feels about her being unmarried at 43". Hindustan Times. 18 July 2021. Archived from the original on 24 October 2021. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  15. ^ "The agony & ecstasy of being Tanuja". The Times of India. 10 August 2003. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  16. ^ a b c Booch & Doyle 1962, p. 123.
  17. ^ a b Chopra 2021, p. 146.
  18. ^ Sharma, Anshika (24 January 2017). "Nutan: The Woman Who Defined Bold and Beautiful in Bollywood in the 70s". Archived from the original on 4 June 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  19. ^ Premchand 2018.
  20. ^ "Hamari Beti" (PDF). The Motion Picture Magazine. February 1951. pp. 37–39. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  21. ^ Chandran, Mangala (October 1979). "The Ugly Duckling, who grew up into NUTAN!". Link. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  22. ^ "Box Office 1951". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  23. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1999, p. 323.
  24. ^ a b Raheja & Kothari 1996, p. 57.
  25. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India. Published for the proprietors, Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. October 1976. pp. 50–51. Archived from the original on 27 July 2023. Retrieved 27 July 2023.
  26. ^ "Seema : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Seema (1955)". Archived from the original on 3 December 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2023.
  27. ^ "Paying Guest (1957) - Review, Star Cast, News, Photos". Cinestaan. Archived from the original on 21 July 2023. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  28. ^ Bowen, Muriel (22 June 1958). "Stardom Is Full-time Job for Indian Actress". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  29. ^ "Tere Ghar Ke Samne (1963) Movie Review, Trailers, Music Videos". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 23 January 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  30. ^ "Bollywood Rewind | Sujata: When Bimal Roy took on caste discrimination and disguised it with a love story". Indian Express. 9 October 2021. Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  31. ^ "Saraswatichandra (1968)". The Hindu. 21 January 2010. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  32. ^ a b "Yesterday once more". The Times of India. 16 December 2007. Archived from the original on 10 October 2011.
  33. ^ "From the FIlmfare files...reviews from the 1960s". Filmfare (January 2002). Archived from the original on 7 September 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  34. ^ Marja Evelyn Mogk (2013). Different Bodies: Essays on Disability in Film and Television. McFarland. p. 117. ISBN 9780786465354. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 27 July 2023.
  35. ^ "Box Office 1972". Box Office India. 20 October 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013.
  36. ^ "Saudagar (1973)". The Hindu. 10 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  37. ^ a b c Prasad, Shishir; Ramnath, N.S; Mitter, Sohini (27 April 2013). "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema". Forbes India. Network 18. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  38. ^ a b "Worth Their Weight in Gold! (70′s) | Box Office India : India's premier film trade magazine". Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  39. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1999, p. 375–376.
  40. ^ a b Salam 2012.
  41. ^ "Bandini: A Bimal Roy gem". Hindustan Times. 30 May 2003. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  42. ^ Chatterji 2017.
  43. ^ Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2 October 2006). "Thirty best screen performances by Indian film actors". India Today. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  44. ^ "Bollywood Divas". Hindustan Times. 2004. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  45. ^ Nivas, Namita (3 October 2014). "63 years of change". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  46. ^ a b "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". 8 January 2010. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  47. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Classics Revisited: Bandini". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  48. ^ a b "80 Iconic Performances". Filmfare. 7 June 2010. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  49. ^ Chopra, Anupama. "Top 20 Movie Reviews". NDTV. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  50. ^ Arunachalam, Param (2020). BollySwar: 1981–1990. Mavrix Infotech. p. 612. ISBN 9788193848227.
  51. ^ "Rishta Kagaz Ka Movie Review | Rishta Kagaz Ka Movie Cast". www.indianfilmhistory.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2023. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  52. ^ "Box Office 1986". Box Office India. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  53. ^ "Naam: The film Kumar Gaurav made for buddy Sanjay Dutt". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Archived from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  54. ^ "SHOBHNA SAMARTH (1915–2000)". streeshakti.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  55. ^ "Sone Pe Suhaaga 1988 Movie Box Office Collection, Budget and Unknown Facts 1980's Box Office Collection". KS Box Office. 6 May 2020. Archived from the original on 9 April 2023. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  56. ^ "Appreciating Human Foibles Like None Other - Silhouette Magazine". Silhouette Magazine. 28 July 2014. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  57. ^ "Remembering Nutan on her 85th birth anniversary". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021. Nutan also sang a few lines in Paying Guest.
  58. ^ Kaur, Devinder Bir (11 February 2000). "Eternal 'Sita' with mind of her own". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  59. ^ "Rare pictures of Nutan with family you may have not seen before; see pics". Mid Day. Archived from the original on 21 July 2023. Retrieved 24 December 2022.
  60. ^ "Mohnish Bahl birthday: These unseen throwback photos of the Sanjivani 2 actor are unmissable!". Times Now News. Archived from the original on 30 July 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  61. ^ "Pranutan Bahl revisits her grandmother Nutan's timeless melody". Hindustan Times. 17 September 2021. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  62. ^ "Actor Mohnish Behl's father Rajnish Bahl dies in fire". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2004.
  63. ^ "Mohnish Bahl pays a tribute to his late mother, the legendary Nutan". Filmfare. Archived from the original on 15 July 2022. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  64. ^ "Top heroines of Bollywood". India Today. Archived from the original on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  65. ^ "The Sunday Tribune – Spectrum". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  66. ^ Dhawan, M.L. (9 December 2007). "Queens of hearts". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  67. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica (India) Pvt. Ltd; Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. Archived from the original on 11 January 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  68. ^ "Nutan: The star who changed the narrative around the career of a married actress". Indian Express. 4 June 2023. Archived from the original on 16 June 2023. Retrieved 28 June 2023.
  69. ^ "Five roles by Nutan that show the range she was capable of". Telegraph India. 21 February 2023. Archived from the original on 21 February 2023. Retrieved 22 March 2023.
  70. ^ "Drop-dead gorgeous: Nutan". Filmfare. Archived from the original on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  71. ^ "A rare resonance". Deccan Herald. 19 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  72. ^ Das Gupta, Ranjan. "Sadhna worked wonders". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  73. ^ Team, Hitlist (26 October 2009). "Sanjay Leela Bhansali - The movies I loved growing up". MidvDay. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  74. ^ "Lata Mangeshkar felt this actress did justice to her voice on screen. On Tuesday Trivia". India Today. Archived from the original on 8 February 2022. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  75. ^ Sen, Raja (29 June 2011). "Readers Choice: The Greatest Actresses of all time". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  76. ^ "Most popular actresses of all time". Yahoo! India Movies. 12 June 2012. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  77. ^ "75 Bollywood Actresses Who Ruled The Silver Screen With Grace, Beauty And Talent". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 August 2022. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  78. ^ "Photos - 50 Beautiful Faces: 100 years of Indian Cinema". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  79. ^ "Hamari Beti". Screen World Publication's 75 Glorious Years of Indian Cinema: Complete Filmography of All Films (silent & Hindi) Produced Between 1913-1988. Screen World Publication. 1988. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  80. ^ "Seema : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Seema (1955)".
  81. ^ "Paying Guest (1957) - Review, Star Cast, News, Photos". Cinestaan. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  82. ^ "7th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  83. ^ "Bollywood Rewind | Sujata: When Bimal Roy took on caste discrimination and disguised it with a love story". 9 October 2021.
  84. ^ Nutan Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema, by Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (Encyclopædia Britannica (India)). Popular Prakashan, 2003. ISBN 8179910660. P. 80, P. 599.
  85. ^ "Movie Review". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  86. ^ Peter Cowie (1977). World Filmography: 1967. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 264–. ISBN 978-0-498-01565-6. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  87. ^ Marja Evelyn Mogk (2013). Different Bodies: Essays on Disability in Film and Television. McFarland. p. 117. ISBN 9780786465354.
  88. ^ "Saraswatichandra (1968)". The Hindu. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  89. ^ "Box Office 1972". Box Office India. 20 October 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013.
  90. ^ "Saudagar (1973)". The Hindu. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  91. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India. Published for the proprietors, Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. October 1976. pp. 50–51.
  92. ^ Nutan
  93. ^ "Rishta Kagaz Ka Movie Review | Rishta Kagaz Ka Movie Cast". www.indianfilmhistory.com. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  94. ^ Arunachalam, Param (2020). BollySwar: 1981–1990. Mavrix Infotech. p. 612. ISBN 9788193848227.
  95. ^ "Box Office 1986". Box Office India. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  96. ^ "Naam: The film Kumar Gaurav made for buddy Sanjay Dutt". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  97. ^ "Sone Pe Suhaaga 1988 Movie Box Office Collection, Budget and Unknown Facts 1980's Box Office Collection". KS Box Office. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  98. ^ "Kanoon Apna Apna (1989)". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  99. ^ "Guru-Hindi film details". IBOS. Retrieved 27 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
  100. ^ "Insaniyat 1994 Movie Box Office Collection, Budget and Unknown Facts 1990's Box Office Collection". KS Box Office. 4 August 2021. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  101. ^ Farook, Farhana (23 January 2017). "'Her palms smelt of Chandan' : A detailed account of the life of the legendary Nutan". Filmfare. Archived from the original on 14 August 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  102. ^ "Actress Nutan dead". The Indian Express. 22 February 1991. p. 1. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  103. ^ "In-depth reviews of Nutan's filmography at Let's talk about Bollywood". Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  104. ^ "Nutan – Asen Mi Nasen Mi ('Whether I will exist or not') by Lalita Tamhane". Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 21 July 2023.
  105. ^ "Nutan's laughter echoed through studios: Shubha Khote pays tribute to actor on her 31st death anniversary". Pinkvilla. Archived from the original on 21 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  106. ^ "In Pics: Madhuri Dixit pays tribute to legendary actress Nutan". The Quint. 22 February 2016. Archived from the original on 21 July 2023. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  107. ^ "Lata Mangeshkar on Nutan, Mumtaz, Madhuri". Rediff.com. 31 December 2012. Archived from the original on 27 July 2023. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  108. ^ "Sonam Kapoor's tribute to Nutan". The Tribune. 7 June 2016. Archived from the original on 21 July 2023. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  109. ^ "Tara Sutaria praises Madhubala, Meena Kumari and Nutan: Actresses now lack adaa and nazaaqat". India Today. 19 October 2019. Archived from the original on 27 July 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  110. ^ "India Post releases stamps on six legendary actresses". Sify. 14 February 2011. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  111. ^ "Google doodles Nutan's expressions". The Hindu. 4 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  112. ^ "Google Doodle celebrates actor Nutan's 81st birth anniversary in an artistic way". Indian Express. 4 June 2017. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  113. ^ "Nutan Online: Tribute of Lalit Kumar to Nutan". Archived from the original on 13 October 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  114. ^ "Special retrospective on actress Nutan to mark her 83rd birth anniversary". DNA India. Archived from the original on 10 June 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  115. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs - India. 21 May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  116. ^ "Check out all the Filmfare Awards Winners from 1953 to 2020". Filmfare. Archived from the original on 4 February 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  117. ^ "Filmfare Award Winners 1961 – 8th Filmfare Popular Awards". Awardsandshows.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  118. ^ "List of awards and nominations received by actress Nutan". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  119. ^ a b "21st Filmfare Awards 1973" (PDF). Deep750.googlepages.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
  120. ^ Dhirad, Sandeep (2006). "Filmfare Nominees and Winner" (PDF). deep750.googlepages.com. p. 52. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  121. ^ "Filmfare – the full coverage" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  122. ^ "Filmfare Awards 1986". awardsandshows.com. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  123. ^ 31st Annual BFJA Awards. Awards For The Year 1967. bfjaawards.com (1968)
  124. ^ "37th Annual BFJA Awards". BFJA Awards. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2011.

Further reading[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]